Abe Oumi kiln and Shoun-do, colored and gold saucer with six pairs of phoenixes

A painting factory Abe Oumi Kiln (阿部碧海窯) run by Abe Oumi requested to be painted by Matsumoto Sahei (松本佐平). Probably, this work was a saucer for demitasse cup, but even saucer is excellent in design with 6 pairs of phoenixes in bright five colors and gold, drawing a pattern on the back in five colors and gold. It was a novel work in 10s of the Meiji period.

Size: width about 11 cm, height about 1.6 cm

On the body in yellow, a pair of phoenixes facing each other are drawn in green, blue, and purple, and three pairs in gold. And the red and gold pattern is sandwiched between the phoenix and it is colored with the traditional kutani five colors as a whole, but the color tone is like Meiji kutani with the addition of gold. Perhaps when picking up cup, butterflies with spread wings come into the eyes. That would be an interesting taste.

A strip-shaped pattern is drawn with a width of about 1 cm, using green, purple, yellow, and blue along the rim of the back side, and two red lines are circulated around the foot. The connected uneven patterns are also drawn in gold. It is very elaborately decorated.

The back name is written as “made by 阿部Abe of 九谷kutani / painted by Shoun-do”. Matsumoto Sahei (松本佐平) received a store name of “松雲Shoun” from a Japanese painter and his master in 1878 and after that used it as the store name. Since the Abe Oumi kiln was closed in 1880, probably this work was produced between 1878 and 1880 by Abe’s asking Matsumoto Sahei to create it.

creator (producer) of the work

Abe Oumi kiln 阿部碧海窯 1869-1880

Abe Oumi Kiln was opened in 1869 by Abe Oumi who started up to give jobs to old samurais at the end of the Edo period. He built five painting kilns and opened painting factory in his own mansion in Kanazawa.

The painters who had studied Japanese painting belonged to this kiln, including Utsumi Kichizo (内海吉造), Toda Tokuji (任田徳次), Iwanami Gyokuzan (岩波玉山), Kodera Chinzan (小寺椿山), Haruna Shigeharu (春名繫春), Sasada Yuzan (笹田友山),Tsuda Nanfu (津田南阜), Shimizu Seikan (清水清閑), Iiyama Katei (飯山華亭). The total of more than 80 people were engaged.

This painting factory opened branches of sales in Nagasaki and Kobe, and expanded its sales channels with the cooperation of pottery merchant Ennaka Magobei (円中孫平). The main products were exports such as cups and saucers, food plates and confectionery plates. It is said that the products exhibited at the Vienna World’s Fair in 1873 gained fame and therefore many business partners. However, this kiln was involved in trading troubles and had to be closed in 1880. The painting kiln and factory were inherited by a chief of this factory Utsumi Kichizo.

creator (painter) of the work

Shoun-do 松雲堂

Matsumoto Sahei (松本佐平) used “Shoun-do” as the shore name. His early style of painting was to draw people in detail, and he painted them with red, brown, black and dark red, and added gold. This is said to be the beginning of aka-e by Matsumoto, and this style of painting received high praise overseas, and his aka-e became an important export product.

In 1885, he completed the technique of two times baking. He overpainted with red and black glaze, and baked it once, and after decorated it with gold, he baked again. He cut off the body into several panels and drew bird-and-flower, mountain and water in them. It is said that its precision was described as “as if the embroidery of brocade thread on the fabric”. In this way, Matsumoto received high praise as a master craftsman in both aka-e and ao-kutani, but around 1893, he established “Shoun-do style” that fused the two styles. It became the most praised style.